The Federal Judiciary & Criminal Justice System

Having worked several cases against the federal government in federal court, I believe the most important quality in a judge is, by far, character. Federal judges take an oath to uphold the Constitution. However, when the federal government is the defendant and significant money or power is at stake, many act to uphold the federal government. The U.S. imprisons, by far, the most people per capita. According to an April 30, 2016 article in The Economist magazine titled When economists turn to crime, “[A]merica holds over 20% of the world’s prisoners, though America is home to less than 5% of the global population . . . America spends $80 billion a year locking up 2.2m people, reflecting an incarceration rate that has climbed remorselessly to more than four times the world average, even as violent crime rates fell sharply. Between 1980 and 2014 the proportion of people behind bars more than tripled, with especially sharp rises among black and Hispanic men . . . If past trends continue, one in three black men born in 2001 can expect to serve time at one point. . . . Enter the economists. The CEA report confines itself, explicitly, to questions of costs and benefits: whether locking so many people up for so long is an efficient way to reduce crime. Its conclusion is a resounding no.” Evidence shows there is a better prison/rehabilitation balance than what is now being applied. The federal criminal justice system needs to undergo a cost-benefit analysis with positive change to follow. The Economist article on crime April 30 2016 (PDF)  2CEA incarceration criminal justice Apr 23 2016 (PDF)